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Bulgarian Exports 2016

The labor force is 3.36 million people, of whom 6.8% are employed in agriculture, 26.6% in industry and 66.6% in the services sector. Extraction of metals and minerals, production of chemicals, machine building, steel, biotechnology, tobacco and food processing and petroleum refining are among the major industrial activities. Mining alone employs 24,000 people and generates about 5% of the country’s GDP; the number of employed in all mining-related industries is 120,000. Bulgaria is Europe’s fifth-largest coal producer. Local deposits of coal, iron, copper and lead are vital for the manufacturing and energy sectors.

Two-thirds of food and agricultural exports go to OECD countries. Wheat is the main crop but maize, barley, oats and rice are also grown. Quality Oriental tobacco is a significant industrial crop. Bulgaria is also the largest producer globally of lavender and rose oil, both widely used in fragrances. Of the services sector, tourism is a significant contributor to economic growth. Bulgaria has emerged as a travelling destination with its inexpensive resorts and beaches outside the reach of the tourist industry. Most of the visitors are Romanian, German, Turkish, British and Russian. Sofia, Plovdiv, Veliko Tarnovo, coastal resorts Golden Sands and Sunny Beach and winter resorts Bansko, Pamporovo and Borovets are some of the locations most visited by tourists.


The national road network has a total length of 12,124 miles, of which 11,952 miles are paved.

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Road Map of Bulgaria

Railroads are a major mode of freight transportation, although highways carry a progressively larger share of freight. Bulgaria has 3,876 miles of railway track and currently a total of 50 miles of high-speed lines are in operation. Rail links are available with Romania, Turkey, Greece, and Serbia, and express trains serve direct routes to Kiev, Minsk, Moscow and Saint Petersburg.

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Sofia Airport

Sofia and Plovdiv are the country’s air travel hubs, while Varna and Burgas are the principal maritime trade ports.

Flag of Bulgaria:

The flag of Bulgaria is a tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white, green, and red.

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Flag of Bulgaria1849-1946 and 1990-present

The flag was first adopted after the 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War, when Bulgaria gained independence. The national flag at times was charged with the state emblem, especially during the communist era. The current flag was re-established with the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria and was confirmed in a 1998 law.

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Flag of Bulgaria 1946-1948
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Flag of Bulgaria 1948-1967
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Flag of Bulgaria 1967-1971
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Flag of Bulgaria 1971-1990
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