Senegal 2


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The Senegalese government offers exegesis for the presence of yellow and red as well, yellow being “the symbol of wealth; it represents the product of work, for a nation whose main priority is the progress of economy, which will allow the increase of the cultural level, the second national priority.” Additionally, yellow is denoted as “the color of arts, literature, and intellect”, primarily because literature teachers in Senegal are known to wear yellow blouses. Red “recalls the color of blood, therefore color of life and the sacrifice accepted by the nation, and also of the strong determination to fight against underdevelopment.”

Historically, the three colors represent the three political parties which merged to form Union Progressiste Sénégalaisé (Senegalese Progressist Union, now Socialist Party of Senegal, Leopold Senghor’s party): green for Bloc Démocratique Sénégalais (Senegalese Democratic Bloc), yellow for Mouvement Populaire Sénégalais (Senegalese Popular Movement) and red for Parti Sénégalais d’Action Sociale (Senegalese Party of Socialist Action).

Green, yellow and red are the colors of the Pan-Africanist movement. That pattern was replicated on Senegal’s flag as a sign of unity among African countries.

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